In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Specialist

Andrew Loucopoulos, MD, PhD

Infertility and Reproductive Medicine located in Upper East Side, New York, NY

When other infertility treatments are unsuccessful, you may be a candidate for in vitro fertilization (IVF). Experienced infertility and reproductive medicine specialist, Andrew L. Loucopoulos, MD, PhD, provides this assisted reproductive technology at his practice on Manhattan’s Upper East Side in New York City. Learn how you can benefit from this effective form of assisted reproduction by calling the office or booking a consultation online.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Q & A

What is IVF?

During IVF, Dr. Loucopoulos extracts an egg from the woman and retrieves a sperm sample from the man. Fertilization is completed in a laboratory dish, and when the time is right, he implants the resulting embryo into the woman’s uterus.

Who is a candidate for IVF?

IVF is rarely the first treatment a woman experiences for infertility. Only about 5% of infertile couples seek it out as a treatment for issues including:

  • Endometriosis
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Low sperm counts
  • Ovulation disorders or premature ovarian failure
  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Inability of sperm to survive or break through cervical mucus

Dr. Loucopoulos carefully considers your health history, family history, and family goals before recommending IVF.

What should I expect during IVF?

The process of IVF first requires you to develop a mature egg. Usually, fertility medications are administered to stimulate egg production. You want multiple eggs to mature so you have a greater chance of having some survive the retrieval and transfer process. Once you have some mature eggs as determined by ultrasound, Dr. Loucopoulos retrieves them during a minor surgical procedure.

Next, Dr. Loucopoulos collects and prepares a sample of the man’s sperm. During insemination, the mature eggs and sperm are combined in a laboratory dish or sperm is injected directly into the egg to achieve fertilization. He carefully monitors the eggs to determine if and when fertilization is successful.

Dr. Loucopoulos then transfers the successfully fertilized egg, which is now an embryo, into your uterus about 3-5 days following retrieval. If the whole procedure is successful, implantation usually occurs 6-10 days following egg retrieval.

Does IVF have any side effects?

Most women can resume normal activities the day after implantation. You may experience mild cramping and bloating in the days immediately after the procedure. Other common side effects include:

  • Passage of a small amount of clear or pinkish fluid
  • Constipation
  • Breast tenderness

The fertility medications you take prior to egg retrieval can also cause side effects, including:

  • Headaches
  • Mood swings
  • Abdominal pain and heaviness
  • Hot flashes

If you experience any heavy vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or fever before or after implantation, contact Dr. Loucopoulos immediately.

For more information about IVF, and to find out if you’re a candidate, call the office of Andrew L. Loucopoulos, MD, PhD, or book an appointment online.